The Armenian Orthodox Church dates from the year 301 and the conversion of Armenia, the first country to embrace Christianity.
An Armenian religious community has been present in Jerusalem since the 5th century. The Armenian Patriarchate of Jerusalem was established in 1311.
Throughout the 19th century and during and immediately after WWI, the local Armenian community grew with the absorption of survivors of the Anatolian massacres.
Before 1939 the community numbered more than 15,000, and was the third largest Christian group. Today the community numbers about 4000 in Jerusalem, Haifa, Jaffa, and Bethlehem.
The article- courtesy of RLH