Over the years it yielded to Romans, Byzantines, Jews, Muslims and Crusaders- who had built a fortress. Each of these periods had left ruins; for future generations to find.
- A Cemetery from the 2nd + 3rd centuries BC, with two cave-niches, that is now open to the public.
- A Polish cave, named after Polish soldiers who had carved in the word “Warsaw”; probably during World War II, in 1943.
- A Cave columbarium, used for raising pigeons; dated to the end of the 3rd century BC.
- Caves’ bathtubs with water channels for bathing and Worship.
- A Cave for oil-press olive-oil production.
- Houses and cisterns, mostly of the Hellenistic period, linked in underground passageways – paths to the columbarium and to other pits.
- A Tower-fortress on top of Maresha hill.